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What is Asset Tokenization?

Nft-House

The birth of Bitcoin created a new realm of possibilities for the way securities and other assets are created, handled, and exchanged. The blockchain is changing the financial landscape by making it simple to divide an asset into smaller units of ownership, democratizing investment in previously illiquid assets and establishing more equitable marketplaces.

Every type of asset, including paintings, digital media platforms, real estate, stocks, and collectibles can be fractionalized and tokenized on blockchain’s distributed ledger.

Asset Tokenization Summarized

Asset Tokenization is the process of creating digital tokens on the blockchain which represent the ownership of various real world and digital assets. Due to the unchangeable nature of blockchain, once you purchase tokens that represent an asset, no authority can remove or alter your ownership. In some cases, such as Landshare’s real estate tokens, holders also earn dividends generated by the underlying asset.

For example, if there are 100,000 tokens created for a given asset, and you hold 10,000 of them, you possess a 10% share in the value of that asset. In addition to ownership, you are also entitled to 10% of any net profits generated from the asset (i.e., rental income).

How does Asset Tokenization work?

One common question with asset tokenization is how it works in practice. For example, how can 500 different people own a house? Who controls the asset, and what kind of power do they have over it?

To solve these issues, the asset is not tokenized directly. Rather, the asset is held in an LLC, corporation, or DAO, and ownership of that entity is represented by the tokens. When purchasing a tokenized asset, you are actually purchasing an ownership share of the company or organization that owns it.

Management

Source: A General Model Of Asset Tokenization — Otonomos.com

As legal shareholders, token holders enjoy all the same financial and legal rights of shareholders in any other company, including profit distributions, fraud protection, and certain voting rights. In this way, asset-backed tokens are uniquely secure investments in a space that is known to suffer from rug pulls, scams, and theft.

Why is Asset Tokenization important?

Asset Tokenization ushers in a new paradigm for real estate investing. Asset tokenization allows real estate to become a trustless, fractional, and liquid asset. To better understand why Asset Tokenization is important let’s look a few examples.

1. Trustless investing

Transferring ownership of a real estate asset today requires the need of middlemen, title companies, and lawyers to manage paperwork or act as an escrow between you and a buyer, which adds time and cost.

Through Asset Tokenization, real estate investing can be done without the lengthy third-party middlemen and title companies. A trustless process with instantly verifiability is beneficial for buyers and sellers alike. By eliminating administrative overhead and brokerage fees, more of the income is returned directly to investors

2. Transforming illiquid assets into liquid assets

Traditional real estate transactions that require sellers to go through the process of listing their asset on the market, screening offers, and completing paperwork to trade their asset. With Asset Tokenization, investors can instantly buy or sell their assets in a matter of seconds on the blockchain through services such as DS Swap.

3. Fractional sales

Asset Tokenization also transforms real estate into a fractional investment. There is no longer the need to sell the entirety of your real estate asset(s) to gain capital. Instead, you can choose to sell as little, or as much, of a share of your property allowing you to still maintain ownership.

Consider that you own a property valued at $300,000. Asset tokenization allows for the conversion of this property’s ownership into 300,000 tokens, each of which would represent a minuscule fraction (0.00033%) of the total property. If you were to need $50,000 in capital, selling your property would not make sense because you would still need a place to live. Instead, you can list 16.67% of your property for sale granting you the ability to maintain majority ownership while still getting the $50,000 in capital you need.

Likewise for investors, introducing liquidity to real estate assets allows for modest investments in a property. For instance, an investor can now diversify their portfolio with real estate assets for as little as $50 – something that historically was not possible.

Conclusion

Asset tokenization is revolutionizing the way assets are being traded, allowing for the fractionalization and digitization of assets including real estate, precious metals, art, and even sports memorabilia. Traditionally illiquid assets are now becoming liquid and granting trustless, fractional investment opportunities for people around the globe to diversify their portfolio with assets they were once priced out of.

Invest in Tokenized Real Estate with as little as $50 directly on the blockchain
through the Landshare platform. Landshare’s property offerings are carefully vetted  and hand selected among thousands of potential options. View the current offerings at https://app.landshare.io/property-details and get more information on the platform at landshare.io.

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